Agriculture and photovoltaics for the ecological and energy turning point

PNRR and DL Simplifications positive first steps, but there is still a lot to do

The synergy between agricultural and energy production generates a long series of benefits, which the country can and must take advantage of, in terms of economic repercussions, through the possible creation of energy-independent agricultural enterprises, the revitalization of agricultural activities in areas that are currently low-profitable and at risk of abandonment, as well as the recovery, also for energy purposes, of abandoned areas. or currently uncultivated.

This is what emerges from the paper of Elettricità Futura and Confagricoltura (attached), which addresses some of the issues at the heart of the G20 Environment and prepared as part of the memorandum of understanding between the two Associations.

There are many measures and indications proposed in line with the sustainable development and decarbonisation targets by 2030, starting from maximum diffusion of photovoltaic systems on roofs rural buildings, the development of energy communities and the efficiency of the existing park.

At the same time it is necessary to promote the construction of ground photovoltaic systems without subtracting agricultural land used both through innovative agro-voltaic solutions capable of integrating energy production with agricultural and livestock production, and through photovoltaic fields dedicated to renewable energy production on abandoned, degraded or marginal areas.

The further development of PV can be an element of growth, both economic and environmental, very important for the agricultural sector, for industry, for territories and local communities, where opportunely included in wider economic, agro-energy and development projects, specific for the different rural contexts.

The resources of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan addressed to photovoltaic systems in agricultural areas (agri-solar on agricultural buildings, agro-voltaic, energy communities, etc.) and the simplification measures regarding agro-voltaic contained in Legislative Decree no. 77/2021 (so-called Simplifications Decree) in the version approved by the Chamber they represent first positive signs, but there is still a lot to do, as illustrated in the paper. (...)

Now the real challenge is to implement the objectives set by the PNRR on agro-voltaic, which envisage a production capacity of over 1 GW when fully operational, with 1.1 billion investment, but above all develop a strategy that will make it possible to achieve the objectives set by the Green Deal for 2030, with an estimated increase in renewable capacity of 70 GW, of which 50 GW consisting of new photovoltaic systems.

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Calculate the DLI (Daily light integral) of the greenhouse you have in mind. Starting from the Italian geographical area concerned and knowing the limiting factors, in terms of the reduction of light radiation determined by the structure and material chosen as roofing, you can calculate the DLI of your project.

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